Alberti, Leon Battista, The Architecture of Leon Batista Alberti. In Ten Books. Of Painting. In Three Books. And of Statuary. In One Book. Translated. Paperback. Pub Date: Pages: Language: Chinese Publisher: China Building Industry Press building on Alberti Ten Books on Architecture of. Get this from a library! Ten books on architecture. [Leon Battista Alberti; Giacomo Leoni].
|Published:||20 October 2016|
|PDF File Size:||7.21 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||42.86 Mb|
Each page is proof of a deep knowledge of philosophical, scientific and historical texts, but he is also just as well acquainted with poetry, literature and rhetoric.
In addition, Alberti takes advantage of a very rich personal experience, a direct knowledge not only of the ruins of antiquity but also of contemporary architecture and of techniques of masonry and construction.
Alberti deals with architecture as an overall human science, which, tending to man as a separate individual as well as a member of the community, takes care to consciously fit him into an area in order to contribute to his happiness.
Architecture was born at the same time as man, developed in parallel fashion to the human society that it continues alberti ten books architecture organize, protect and structure. Alberti ten books architecture architect is the guardian of profound knowledge and his work is the product of an intellect related to nature by means of materials, with the history of an area through the choice of the places and environments in which one must build and on account of the constructive typology with the social organization.
The work can be alberti ten books architecture into three parts. In the first, Books I, II and III, Lineamenta, materia et opus deal with architecture as projective disegno, and with construction understood from the point of view of materials and implementation.
Books IV and V, Universorum opus, singulorum opus, treat the typology of the edifices; the next four books, Ornamentum, sacrorum ornamentum, publici profani ornamentum, are devoted to the aesthetic definition of architecture. Lastly, Book X, Operum instauratio, concerns resoration. The concept of disegno, understood as an intellectual instrument for the projectualisation of architecture, represents one of the main theoretical innovations of alberti ten books architecture De re aedificatoria.
Nevertheless, alberti ten books architecture this is well known, the definition of such a concept poses a problem, since in Alberti's system, the disegno is part of the body itself.
Alberti writes, "Nam aedificium quidem corpus quoddam esse animadvertimus, quod lineamentis veluti alia corpora constare et materia.
De Re Aedificatoria - Wikipedia
Quorum alterum istic ab ingenio produceretur, alterum a natura susciteretur. Huic mentem cogitationemque, huic alteri parationem selectionemque adhibendam" Orlandi-Portoghesi, p. A contemporary reader can legitimately wonder how a body can have lineamenta.
The idea that the body in itself can be considered as "a design" comes from the Aristotelian distinction between form and alberti ten books architecture. Refer to this passage of Aristotle's Physics: This text is alberti ten books architecture from a development devoted to the form and matter of objects produced by nature and by art, in which Aristotle explains that any object, natural or produced by man, can be studied either from the physical point of view- the matter- or from the mathematical point of view- the form.
He goes on, "If we look at the ancients, physics would to be concerned with the matter.
It was only very slightly that Empedocles and Democritus touched on the forms and the essence. But if on the other hand art imitates nature, and it is the part of the same discipline to know the form and the matter up to a point e.
It appears rather obvious in reading these texts that in the prologue of his treatise, the humanist Leon Battista Alberti is working with Alberti ten books architecture concepts, even if it is not in the present state of studies to specify the exact source of his alberti ten books architecture Zoubov The other passage gives perhaps an even clearer account of the Aristotelian inspiration of the Albertian concept of architecture, " The arts, therefore, which govern the matter and have knowledge are two, namely the art which uses the product and the art which directs the production of it.
That is why the using art also is in a sense directive; but it differs in that it knows the form, whereas the art which is directive as being concerned with production knows the matter" Eng.
Ten Books on Architecture
Hardie-Gaye II, 2, It is alberti ten books architecture useful to compare this text to the famous definition of the architect: Non enim tignarium adducam fabrumquem tu summis caeterarum disciplinarum viris compares: Architectum ego hunc fore constituam, qui certa admirabileque ratione et via et tum alberti ten books architecture animoque diffinire tum et opere absolvere didicerit" Orlandi Portoghesi, p.
Here Alberti makes the distinction between competence regarding form and competence regarding matter, which covers that distinguishing the architect from the carpenter- and in this passage, one will also have noticed the reference to Cicero's Brutus 73,a well-known text by the humanist abbreviator of the Roman curia.
Above all, Alberti defines architecture as an activity of the mind and soul, and the architect is so to speak a physicist like Aristotle, who alberti ten books architecture about the shapes of bodies considered as abstract elements defined by points, lines and surfaces, and who, as a builder, chooses materials according to the shape that the building will take.
This is all perfectly consistent with the Greek philosopher's writings: