Clavis. Prophetarum. Ana T. Valdez Some empires are neither political nor geographical, insofar as they intend to encompass broader concepts and cross major. Rethinking the Fifth Empire: António Vieira and the Clavis Prophetarum. e-JPH [online]. , vol, n.2, pp ISSN It is this paper's purpose to. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Rethinking the Fifth Empire: António Vieira and the Clavis Prophetarum | It is this paper's purpose to introduce António Vieira's.


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Only a short excerpt of Clavis had previously been published in Obras Escolhidas, edited by Hernani Cidade. To these important publications may now be added Herman Prins Salomon's masterly edition of two previously unpublished treatises by the eighteenth-century Inquisitor Antonio Ribeiro de Abreu Salomon was unable to ascertain the dates of his birth and death.

Clavis prophetarum first treatise was composed in The second treatise, which is much longer and provides the more systematic exposition of Ribeiro's central arguments, was composed in Vieira was preoccupied throughout his long career by New Christians, Clavis prophetarum and Judaism.

During two extended stays in Amsterdam between and as a representative of D.

Historical Interpretations of the “Fifth Empire”: The Dynamics of - Ana Valdez - Google Cărți

Vieira's conversations with Menasseh—author of The Hope of Israel—would help to shape the millenarian thought that Vieira developed in his treatise The Hopes of Portugal, in his Inquisition defense, and in his other prophetic clavis prophetarum. In the s Vieira began a sustained campaign in defense of the Portuguese New Christians.

Among many proposals that Vieira presented to D. It was not reinstated untilwhich marked the beginning of clavis prophetarum sustained period of persecution of New Christians.


Until now, the questions posed to Vieira during the clavis prophetarum of his Inquisition trial have provided our best glimpse of the thinking of an individual Inquisitor. Ribeiro's two treatises and the texts that accompany them provide us for the first time with an account of the reasoning of Vieira's persecutors.

Although Ribeiro began clavis prophetarum work a generation after Vieira's death, the vehemence of his attack on Vieira demonstrates that the wounds that Vieira had inflicted on the Inquisition remained fresh.

Salomon's analysis of Ribeiro's treatises places them in the context of the history of the Portuguese Inquisition and of the early modern Catholic Church as a whole.

Rethinking the Fifth Empire: António Vieira and the Clavis Prophetarum

Clavis prophetarum on decades of archival work and an unrivalled knowledge of printed primary sources, Salmon introduces us to Ribeiro, a little-known Inquisitor, and to the world in which he lived.

Ribeiro's treatises, in turn, provide a systematic defense of the Inquisition's condemnation of an ever-widening network of New Christians solely on the basis of lineage. The treatises also constitute a sustained personal attack on Vieira, whose opponents sought, over clavis prophetarum course of several decades, to prove that he was a New Christian.

Vieira had a mulata grandmother, an element of his lineage that affected the career of his brother but not his own. One of the most striking elements of Ribeiro's second treatise is the link that he draws between Jesuit attitudes towards New Christians and the treatment of Chinese catechumens by Jesuit missionaries.

Ribeiro came of age during the Chinese Rites Controversy, which pitted members of the Roman Curia and the Portuguese church hierarchy against Jesuits who accommodated Chinese beliefs and practices in their ministry. Ribeiro's treatises allow us to understand how the Chinese Rites Controversy continued to affect relations between the Society of Jesus and the Portuguese Inquisition during the decades after the Controversy was clavis prophetarum by the Curia.

This strain could also be seen clavis prophetarum the Society, especially during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, clavis prophetarum a vocal minority of Jesuits opposed the admission of New Christians to the Society.

Many Jesuits, from the time of the founding of the Society in to its expulsion from the Portuguese empire inargued for a more inclusive policy both in admitting men to the Society and in ministering to non-Christians throughout the empire.


Antonio Possevino was among the most eloquent advocate for both clavis prophetarum of this policy. Among his successors in the Society, the Jesuits of the missions in China and India produced the most sustained arguments in favor of accommodation.

He explicitly condemned Fr.


Matteo Ricci, clavis prophetarum of the founders of the China mission, and looked instead to the teachings of Ricci's contemporary, Fr.

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