Coking plant. Coal is needed when producing liquid hot metal in the blast furnace. However, we cannot utilise coal directly in the blast furnace as it contains a lot. The ovens are heated with a mixture of blast furnace-top gas and coke oven gas per the trend in USSR steel plants at that time, 7 m tall ovens were proposed. The coke oven by-product plant is an integral part of the by-product cokemaking process. In the process of converting coal into coke using the by-product coke.


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Coke Oven Batteries

This blending is targeted at producing a coke of appropriate strength generally measured coke oven plant coke strength after reactionwhile losing an appropriate amount coke oven plant mass. Other blending considerations include ensuring the coke doesn't swell too much during production and destroy the coke oven through excessive wall pressures.

The greater the volatile matter in coal, the more by-product can be produced. Thus different types of coal are proportionally blended to reach acceptable levels of volatility before the coking process begins.

Coking coal is different from thermal coal, but it differs not by the coal forming process.


Coking coal has different macerals from thermal coal. Based on the ash percentage coking coal can be divided into various grades.

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However, the coke is of wildly varying strength and ash content and is generally considered unsellable except in some cases as coke oven plant thermal product.

As it has lost its volatile matter, it has lost the ability to be coked again. The "hearth" process[ edit ] The hearth" process of coke-making, using lump coal, was akin to that of charcoal-burning; instead coke oven plant a heap of prepared wood, covered with twigs, leaves and earth, there was a heap of coals, covered with coke dust.

The hearth process continued to be used in many areas during the first coke oven plant of the 19th century, but two events greatly lessened its importance.

These were the invention of the hot blast in iron-smelting and the introduction of the beehive coke oven. The use of a blast of hot air, instead of cold air, in the smelting furnace was first introduced by Neilson in Scotland in Beehive oven Coke ovens and coal tipple in Pennsylvania A fire brick chamber shaped like a dome is used, commonly known as a beehive oven.

It is typically 4 meters The roof has a hole for charging the coal or other kindling from the top.

Coke (fuel) - Wikipedia

The discharging hole is provided in the circumference of the lower part of the wall. In a coke oven battery, a number of ovens are built in a row with common walls between neighboring ovens.

A battery consisted of a great many ovens, sometimes hundreds, in a row. Coke oven plant is supplied initially to ignite the coal. Carbonization starts and produces volatile matter, which burns inside the partially closed side door. Carbonization proceeds from coke oven plant to bottom and is completed in two to three days.


Heat is supplied by the burning volatile matter so no by-products are recovered. The exhaust gases are allowed to escape to coke oven plant atmosphere. The hot coke is quenched with water and discharged, manually through the side door. The walls and roof retain enough coke oven plant to initiate carbonization of the next charge.

When coal was burned in a coke oven, the impurities of the coal not already driven off as gases accumulated to form slag, which was effectively a conglomeration of the removed impurities.


Since it was not the desired coke product, slag was initially nothing more than an unwanted by-product and was discarded. The coke oven plant is heated to 1. Since these ovens are oxygen-free, the coal does not actually burn. It takes about 18 hours to convert 35 tonnes of coal into 25 tonnes of metallurgical coke.

A coke-guide car guides the coke into the quenching car.

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