Only with IBM's technologic assistance was Hitler able to achieve the staggering numbers of the Holocaust. Edwin Black has now uncovered one of the last great. Edwin black ibm y el holocausto hauns weltens el libro negro de las marcas. 1 like. Book. IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation is a book by investigative journalist Edwin Black which details the business dealings of.


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IBM and the Holocaust by Edwin Black

He also claims that IBM sold the spare parts and the special paper needed for the punch cards. IBM was the sole source of all punch cards and spare parts.

It serviced the machines on site either directly or through its authorized dealer network or field trainees. There were no universal punch cards. Each series of cards was custom-designed by IBM engineers to capture information going in and to tabulate information the Nazis wanted to extract.

Honeywill described how Black revealed IBM's Hollerith system was used to identify, sort, assign, and transport millions in Europe during the Holocaust, particularly in the death camps. In a review in the Los Angeles Timeshistorian and UCLA professor Edwin black ibm y el holocausto Friedlander wrote, "The author convincingly shows the relentless efforts made by IBM to maximize profit by selling its machines and its punch edwin black ibm y el holocausto to a country whose criminal record would soon be widely recognized.

IBM and the Holocaust - Wikipedia

Indeed, Black demonstrates with great precision that the godlike owner of the corporation, Thomas Watson, was impervious to the moral dimension of his dealings with Hitler's Edwin black ibm y el holocausto and for years even had a soft spot for the Nazi regime.

He agreed that Black provided "shocking evidence" that IBM in America continued to provide punch cards and other services to the Nazis "in defiance of Allied regulations against trading with the enemy.

Holland had long included religion in census information, whereas France did not. Proceeding without any foundation funds, organizational grants, or publisher dollars behind me, I began recruiting a team of researchers, interns, translators and assistants, all on my own dime.

This network continued to grow as time went on.


Ultimately, more than people participated, some for months at a time, some for just a few hours searching obscure Polish documents for key phrases. Not knowing the story, they searched for key words: When they found them, the material was copied and sent.

IBM y el Holocausto by Edwin Black (, Hardcover) | eBay

For many weeks, documents were flowing in at the rate of per day. Most of my team was volunteers. All of them were sworn to secrecy. Each was shocked and saddened by the implications of the project and intensely motivated.

IBM y el Holocausto by Edwin Black (2001, Hardcover)

A few said they could not sleep well for days after learning of the connection. I was often sustained by their words of encouragement. Ultimately, I assembled more than 20, pages of documentation from 50 archives, library manuscript collections, museum files, and other repositories.

In the process, I accessed thousands of formerly classified State Department, OSS, edwin black ibm y el holocausto other previously restricted government papers. Other obscure documents from European holdings had never been translated or connected to such an inquiry.

All these were organized in my own central archive mirroring the original archival source files. We also scanned and translated more than 50 general books and memoirs, as well as contemporary technical and scientific journals covering punch cards and statistics, Nazi publications, and newspapers of the era.


We created one manila folder for every month from to If a document referred to numerous dates, it was cross-filed in the numerous monthly folders. Then all contents of monthly folders were further cross-indexed into narrow topic threads, such as Warsaw Ghetto, German Census, Bulgarian Railroads, Watson in Germany, Auschwitz, and so on.

Stacks of documents organized into edwin black ibm y el holocausto were arrayed across my basement floor. As many as six people at a time busily shuttled copies of documents from one topic stack to another from morning until midnight.

One document might be copied into five or six topic stacks.

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