(Fuentes para la historia de la república, 16). ** Documentos del siglo XX chileno. Por Sofía CORREA SUTIL [et al.]. Santiago, Editorial Sudamericana. Manuel. Historia del siglo xx chileno. Santiago.: Editorial Sudamericana.,. Godoy.,. Lorena.,. Elizabeth. Hutchison,. Rosemblatt.,. Karin., and. Zárate. Licenciado en Historia, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Historia del Siglo XX chileno, (varios autores), Editorial Sudamericana,
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Pre-Columbian art Ceramics were the greatest artistic contribution of the northern peoples. Prehistoric painting in Chile, also called pre-Columbian Chilean painting, refers to any type of painting historia del siglo 20 chileno painting technique used to represent objects or people during the period before the Spanish conquest.
Developed prior to the existence of written sources, study of this period is based on the material remains and vestiges of the cultures that developed.
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After this period, indigenous art was virtually eliminated by the Catholic community historia del siglo 20 chileno part of the process of converting native people.
Painted bodies of the Selknam peoplealso called the Ona. You can see that in spite of the geographical distance between two different cultures European and Americanthe reasons for creating art were the same: The use of art in this time could be aesthetic, practical, ritual or religious, depending on the culture and the resources available.
Animal figures and symbols abound but images of people did historia del siglo 20 chileno appear unless they were important or had some magical significance for the tribe.
Línea de tiempo Siglo XX Chile by Angela Novoa on Prezi
The cultural references varied depending on the area where the people lived. Northern cultures, like the Historia del siglo 20 chilenopreferred geometric figures and used pottery and petroglyphs extensively.
The Mapuche  people, based in the centre of the modern Chilean territory, were more focused on the rituals performed by the machi the Mapuche shamansas well as their gods and deities.
They developed colourful ritual textiles, used by the machi, and pottery specifically designed for use in burials. Their designs did also include some northern influences.
In the far south, there is some evidence of petroglyph art but less than in the north. Notable among the southern cultures was the artwork of the Selknam peoplealso known as Ona, historia del siglo 20 chileno decorated their bodies as part of a religious ritual.
LAS380.4 20th Century Chilean History (Historía de Chile del Siglo XX)
Some remains were preserved in the north, where, thanks historia del siglo 20 chileno the preservative qualities of the arid Atacama Desertcertain objects of pictorial heritage value have survived preserved in time. Colonial art[ edit ] Chilean colonial  art refers to art produced in the Chilean colonial period that extended from AD to AD.
The period saw a mixing of European techniques with native cultural heritage. Artistically, the period began around the midth century and was led at first by the Spanish Jesuits and by working artisans who lacked specialized artistic training.
It was directly influenced by European artistic trends such as Mannerism and Baroquebut, like all historia del siglo 20 chileno Chilean culture that developed during this period, it was also influenced by native art and culture, creating a new style. Art was seen as vital for the education and religious conversion of the indigenous people and played an important role in the transmission of Spanish dominance and Catholic world vision.
The Immaculate Conception Anonymousproduced about It is noteworthy that the first paintings in Chile were almost entirely related to religion, with painting seen as a tool for educating and evangelizing the indigenous people.
History[ edit ] Colonial painting developed in a time when South American countries were not politically or geographically grouped as they are today and had not yet formed national identities, art and cultural individuality.
Just as it is difficult for historians historia del siglo 20 chileno define the indigenous art of each country, because there were no geographical demarcations or pictorial characteristics endemic to the modern territories, it is also difficult to speak precisely of Peruvian, Argentinian or Chilean colonial art.
Historia del siglo 20 chileno countries, like Mexico, Ecuador and Peru, had their own art schools where local artists could work and study.