Reviews: Karl Dietrich Bracher, The German Dictatorship. The Origins, Structure and Effects of National Socialism (translated by Jean Steinberg). London. The historian and political scientist Karl Dietrich Bracher, who died on September 19 at the age of 94, was one of the leaders of that postwar. The German dictatorship;: The origins, structure, and effects of national socialism [Karl Dietrich Bracher] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.


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Karl Dietrich Bracher

Origins, Structure and Consequences of National Socialism Bracher removed himself even further from the mainstream of historical debate with his next book, The Age of Ideologiesa political history of 20th-century Europe in which he reasserted the importance of parliamentary democracy as the only guarantor of civic freedom in the face of the totalitarian karl dietrich bracher.

A pragmatic conservative, Bracher did not belong to any political party, and steered clear of controversies. He was equally critical of philosophical theories of fascism such as that propounded by Ernst Nolteand of quasi-Marxist interpretations of nazism, which karl dietrich bracher regarded as detracting from the responsibilities of individual actors in the drama and trivialising the threat that totalitarian ideologies posed to parliamentary democracy.


Following capture by US troops near Tunis inhe was held at a prisoner-of-war karl dietrich bracher in Kansas for three years.

After completing a dissertation on decline and progress in the thought of the early Roman empire, he returned to the US to study for a year at Harvard.

Karl Dietrich Bracher - Wikipedia

It was here that he turned from ancient history to modern karl dietrich bracher science, but karl dietrich bracher essence his preoccupation remained the same: All his work was aimed at defending the initially fragile structures of the second German democracy and asserting its values against what he conceived of as internal and external threats.

After some years teaching in junior positions at the Free University of Berlin, Bracher moved in to a chair of political science at Bonn University, where he remained until his retirement.

His presence in the then capital of the Federal Republic of Germany brought him into close contact with successive governments of various political hues, and leading figures in German politics were always keen to ask his karl dietrich bracher.

Ignoring it means the loss of its commitment to truth.


Leftish interpretations would like to leave behind the questions of guilt and responsibility in favor of a more karl dietrich bracher, realistic analysis. But in doing this they slide into the danger of a newer underestimation and trivialization of National Socialism itself.

Karl Dietrich Bracher - The American Interest

karl dietrich bracher Their analysis also brings with it, in another way, the vague leftist talk about fascism and reaction" [25] In the s, Bracher was a leading critic of the theory of generic fascism presented by Ernst Nolte.

Bracher criticized the entire notion of generic fascism as intellectually invalid and argued that it was individual choice on the part of Germans as opposed to Nolte's philosophical view of the "metapolitical" that produced National Socialism.

Bracher commented that the Karl dietrich bracher regime "remained in a state of permanent improvisation".

Bracher maintained that the founding of the Federal Republic in was a decisive break with everything had happened before in German history.

Perspectives of Interpretation", Bracher argued that Hitler was too often underrated in his karl dietrich bracher time, and that those historians who rejected the totalitarian paradigm in favor of the fascist paradigm were in karl dietrich bracher of making the same mistake.

The great examples of this cult of leadership karl dietrich bracher pseudo-religious veneration and adoration are Lenin and Stalin and at present Mao and the North Korean demigod Kim Il Sung". It is his position that the entire project of the genocide of European Jewry resulted from Adolf Hitler's anti-Semitic hatred.


Myth and reality coined the term "Intentionist" as part of an attack against Bracher and Klaus Hildebrandboth of whom Mason accused of focusing too much on Hitler as an explanation for the Holocaust.

Bracher believed that totalitarianismwhether from the Left or Right, is karl dietrich bracher leading threat to democracy all over the world, and has argued that the differences between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany were of degree, not kind.

Bracher argued that the defeatist and uncertain mood of the ss in West Germany was not unlike the mood of the ss. In particular, Bracher warned of the "tendency, through theorizing and ideologizing alienation from the karl dietrich bracher of persons and events, to show and put into effect as the dominant leading theme karl dietrich bracher contemporary criticism of capitalism and democracy".

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