In this paper, we investigate the performance of CI/OFDM based on a new implementation model for both zero forcing (ZF) and minimum mean square error. Concepts of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) and WLAN. It's important to have a fundamental understanding of Orthogonal. This example compares Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) with Filtered-OFDM (F-OFDM) and highlights the merits of the candidate.


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Each of these N input symbols has a symbol period of T seconds.

Difference between OFDM and OFDMA | OFDM vs OFDMA

These orthogonal sinusoids each have a different frequency and the lowest frequency is DC. The input symbols are complex values representing the mapped constellation point and therefore specify both the amplitude and phase of the sinusoid for that subcarrier.

After some additional processing, the time-domain signal that results from the IFFT is transmitted across the radio channel. At the receiver, an FFT block is used to process the received signal and bring it into the frequency domain which is used to recover the original data bits.

This composite baseband signal is used to modulate a main RF Radio Frequency: To begin the OFDM signal creation process, the input data bit stream is encoded ofdm and ofdm convolutional coding and Interleaving. ofdm and ofdm

Note that the bit-rate will be different depending on the modulation format, a QAM constellation 6 bits at a time can have a bit ofdm and ofdm of 54 Mbps while a QPSK constellation 2 bits at time may only be 12 Mbps.

Then 52 bins of the IFFT block are loaded.

What is OFDM | Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing |

As the filter's passband corresponds to the signal's bandwidth, only the ofdm and ofdm subcarriers close to the edge are affected. A key consideration is that the filter length can be allowed to exceed the cyclic prefix length for F-OFDM [ 1 ].

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The inter-symbol interference incurred is minimized due to the filter design using windowing with soft truncation. Space diversity[ edit ] In OFDM-based wide-area broadcasting, receivers can benefit from receiving signals from several spatially dispersed transmitters simultaneously, since transmitters will only destructively ofdm and ofdm with each other on a limited number of sub-carriers, whereas in general they will actually reinforce coverage over a wide area.

This is very ofdm and ofdm in many countries, as it permits the operation of national single-frequency networks SFNwhere many transmitters send the same signal simultaneously over the same channel frequency.

Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing

SFNs use the available ofdm and ofdm more effectively than conventional multi-frequency broadcast networks MFNwhere program content is replicated on different carrier frequencies. SFNs also result in a diversity gain in receivers situated midway between the transmitters.

The coverage area is increased and the outage probability decreased in comparison to an MFN, due to increased received ofdm and ofdm strength averaged over all sub-carriers. Although the guard interval only contains redundant data, which means that it reduces the capacity, some OFDM-based systems, such as some of the broadcasting systems, deliberately use a long guard interval in order to allow the transmitters to be spaced ofdm and ofdm apart in an SFN, and longer guard intervals allow larger SFN cell-sizes.


A single frequency network is a form of transmitter macrodiversity. The concept can be further ofdm and ofdm in dynamic single-frequency networks DSFNwhere the SFN ofdm and ofdm is changed from timeslot to timeslot. It is depicted in the figure-1 that entire carriers are allocated to the one user statically in TDD frame.

Hence many SSs can occupy the same sub channel but use different subcarriers to transmit the information.


It clearly mentions that one symbol is composed of more than one sub channel and each sub channel is composed of distributed subcarriers. One of the issues with CDMA systems was the complexity of the channel equalisation which had to be applied across ofdm and ofdm whole channel.

An advantage of OFDM is that using multiple sub-channels, the channel equalization becomes much simpler.

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OFDM disadvantages Whilst OFDM has been widely used, there are still a few disadvantages to its use which need ofdm and ofdm be addressed when considering its use. High peak to average power ratio: An OFDM signal has a noise like amplitude variation and has a relatively high large dynamic range, or peak to average power ratio.

This impacts the RF amplifier efficiency as the amplifiers need to be linear and accommodate the large amplitude variations and these factors mean the amplifier cannot operate with a ofdm and ofdm efficiency level.

Sensitive to carrier offset and drift: Another disadvantage of OFDM is that is sensitive to carrier frequency offset and drift.

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