Amphibia: Systematics. Traditionally, the living amphibians have been grouped into three classes: Anura or Salientia -- frogs and toads. Urodela or Caudata -- newts, salamanders, mudpuppies, etc. Phylum: Chordata. Clade: Batrachomorpha. Class: Amphibia Gray Subclasses. † Temnospondyli · Lissamphibia (modern amphibians). Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia. Modern amphibians  Phylum‎: ‎Chordata. Animals: Phylum Chordata-Amphibians; Ziser Lecture Notes, 1. Phylum Chordata – Vertebrates. Amphibia. ~6, species one of the most significant.


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The Paleozoic amphibians are also the topic of phylum amphibia over their classification and relationships. In fact, if the likely ancestors of phylum amphibia Amniota are included in the Amphibia, then the Amphibia becomes a paraphyletic group.

For more information on the phylogeny of living amphibians, visit the Amphibia page at the Tree of Life.

Amphibian - Wikipedia

The Extinct orders have highly developed roofed skull. Primitive amphibia, known from either upper Devonian or lower Carboniferous age. The dentine of the phylum amphibia is typically infolded; neural arches of the vertebrae resting either on intercentrum or pleurocentrum.


Lower Carboniferous to upper Trias. Small phylum amphibia size, only the neural arches of the vertebrae ossified. Lower Carboniferous to lower Permian.

Neural arches with the centrum.

Classification of Amphibians, Amphibia, frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, caecilians, salientia

The adults vary in length from 8 to 75 centimetres 3 to 30 inches phylum amphibia the exception of Thomson's caecilian Caecilia thompsoni phylum amphibia, which can reach centimetres 4. A caecilian's skin has a large number of transverse folds and in some species contains tiny embedded dermal scales.

It has rudimentary eyes covered in skin, which are probably limited to discerning differences in light intensity. It also has a pair of short tentacles near phylum amphibia eye that can be extended and which have tactile and olfactory functions.

Amphibia - The Amphibians | Wildlife Journal Junior

Most caecilians live underground in burrows in damp soil, in rotten wood and under plant debris, but some are aquatic.

Others brood their eggs and the larvae undergo phylum amphibia before the eggs hatch. A few species give birth to live young, nourishing them with glandular secretions while they are in the oviduct. Local thickenings often called warts are common, such as those found on toads. phylum amphibia


Phylum amphibia outside of the skin is shed periodically mostly in one piece, in contrast to mammals and birds where it is shed in flakes. Amphibians often eat the sloughed skin. The similarity of these to the scales of phylum amphibia fish is largely superficial.


Lizards and some frogs have somewhat similar osteoderms forming bony deposits in the dermis, but this is an example of convergent evolution with similar structures having arisen independently in diverse vertebrate lineages.

Granular poison gland, D: Connective tissueE: Stratum corneumF: Dermis Amphibian skin phylum amphibia permeable to water. Gas exchange phylum amphibia take place through the skin cutaneous respiration and this allows adult amphibians to respire without rising to the surface of water and to hibernate at the bottom of ponds.

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